Noelle Revaz – With the Animals
This week at The Rumpus I reviewed With the Animals by Noelle Revaz – this book was published this year as part of Dalkey Archive’s Swiss Literature Series:
Paul, the narrator and subject of Noëlle Revaz’s With the Animals, is a rustic Swiss farmer with strong opinions but a weak intellect; he is a man of formidable emotion but has a rather small heart, metaphorically speaking. The book asks its readers to sustain an intimate encounter with this difficult and often violent man, an intimate encounter because of the way the reader becomes so tightly locked inside Paul’s narrated vision—the story unfolds in his voice and through the representation of his thinking as Revaz has conceived it. Paul’s voice is exceedingly rustic, so much so that at first it seems the book might be set several decades before its initial French-language publication date of 2002. As the story continues, however, it becomes clear that while the story is contemporary, Paul is a living anachronism – out-of-date even by the standards of other neighboring farmers.
Not only is he wary of modern technology—he has trouble using an ordinary landline telephone, for example—and ultra-conservative in his vision of family and society, he is also attached to his farm and to his animals in such a way that he actually sits just outside the usual polarity of city and rural; he is nearly more animal than he is human. And this set-up leads to the central question of With the Animals– can Paul be humanized?
You can read the entire review here.
And, now, just a quick word, a more personal reaction to the book. In W. Donald Wilson’s short Translator’s Note, he comments that With the Animals isn’t written in any particular French dialect, that it was an invention of Revaz’s. Also, Revaz does not name the Swiss canton where Paul has his farm, but it isn’t hard to narrow down the options. First, it’s a French speaking canton: either Valais, Jura, Geneva, Fribourg, or Vaud. We can cross off the Valais as it’s a mountainous region and mostly Catholic, Fribourg is quite Catholic and so is the Jura (and most farming regions of the Jura are up on a high plateau – the beautiful but anarchist Franches Montagnes – that give a very particular farming and community culture). I mention this Catholicism as an excluding factor because I believe that in With the Animals Revaz is really working with a particular Swiss Protestant aesthetic, a bit of Calvinism gone mad, if you will, and so that leaves the cantons of Vaud and Geneva – basically any of the rural communities that dot the hillsides overlooking Lake Geneva.
So I believe, although cannot prove, that the book is set in the canton of Vaud – this is where Revaz currently lives, although I believe she is originally from the Valais. And this is where I live. I live in a small farming community in the canton of Vaud, and I rent a farmhouse from a local farmer. I read the book in French first and then read Wilson’s translation (which is excellent, as I mention in the review at The Rumpus). Much of Revaz’s French felt incredibly familiar to me – the rustic expressions, the cold awkwardness about matters of emotion and physical sensuality, this strange tenderness toward the animals. It’s all worked into the language of the book, and this language is the Swiss French that I’ve come to listen to most often. (Not to mention the one farmer – about Paul’s age – who comes into our local shops still covered in manure, still reeking of spoilt milk and speaks in a patois I cannot understand at all. I see this man at least once every few weeks and now he’s become Paul to me, a pure embodiment of the book.)
So because of all this, I can’t help but disagree with Wilson – Paul’s unique speech is absolutely drenched in this little corner of Switzerland and its rural culture, it’s tension between modernity and traditional Swiss Protestant ethics and aesthetics. And I think it’s a bit of a shame to play that down.
2 Responses to “Noelle Revaz – With the Animals”
Thank you very much for your generous comments on my translation of “With the Animals”. I made sure Noëlle Revaz saw a copy of it, and she appreciated it too.
As for the language, I am not as familiar as you with rural Swiss dialects. But here is some of what Noëlle Revaz wrote to me about the book’s language:
“Je suis aussi très contente que vous ayez si bien compris mon intention de n’identifier ce personnage à aucun dialecte précis! Cette langue en effet n’appartient qu’à lui …. Dans ce texte j’ai volontairement gardé le flou sur le lieu où se situe l’action: je n’ai parlé que de collines (et surtout pas de montagnes, pour que l’on ne puisse pas le rattacher à la Suisse!) et ce personnage est de nulle part ou partout. C’est pourquoi il ne faut pas y chercher un quelconque réalisme …. cette langue est artificielle, elle n’est pas du tout réaliste et ce personnage ne pourrait pas exister et parler ainsi. ”
That’s not to say, of course, that elements of Swiss dialect may not have crept into the text,…
I’m so delighted to have your comments here – as well as Noëlle Revaz’s explanation of her intentions in terms of the language. Thank you very much for stopping by.
I do think the book achieves imprecision in terms of place and personality – and it is what makes the story universal. And your excellent translation certainly kept Paul’s language unidentifiable in terms of region/dialect for an English audience. I think what I was trying to say when I wrote my comment about the language and how familiar it felt to me as someone living in rural Switzerland, and in this particular part of Switzerland, is that I found the book to contain a really strong—although subtly done—exploration/critique of a specific Swiss style of Protestantism as well as a kind of response to Rousseau’s romanticism of all things pastoral. Since this idea isn’t exactly overtly explored in the book, to me it came from Paul’s idioms and the way in which his language worked.
Looking back over my post, I see that I sound like I’m trying to pinpoint the location of the book and pick out an exact dialect—which isn’t really the case. I’m a bit clumsy in getting to what I want to say up there. I’m actually much more interested in connecting the book as a whole to this Swiss aesthetic, because I think it informs the reading in a way that you don’t get if you take the book as completely unconnected to any culture or place. Leaving Rapport aux Bêtes unconnected (geographically, linguistically, all of that) certainly provides plenty of discussion and it’s still a fascinating book – but I’m also interested in the idea of how much “culture” is conveyed in language. Revaz’s comment about mountains and avoiding them so that the story could not be connected to Switzerland is really interesting to me – I’m unable to separate the book from Switzerland at this point, but I’d be curious to hear how other readers felt, francophone or anglophone, and whether they were able to read it with a more universal perspective.
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